Apply for Right of Abode in Hong Kong

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Before Applying

Verification of Eligibility for Permanent Identity Card

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Verification of Eligibility for a Permanent Identity Card

Before you can register for the issue of a permanent identity card, you will need to show that you are eligible to do so under the Registration of Persons Ordinance, Cap 177, and Registration of Persons Regulations, Cap 177A. Hence, you should apply for verification of your eligibility for a permanent identity card. You must be staying in Hong Kong legally when you submit this application. Under the law, where a person claims that he has the right of abode in the HKSAR, the burden of proving the claim shall lie on that person.

You should not submit the application to verify your eligibility if you are qualified to apply for a Certificate of Entitlement under section 2AB of the Immigration Ordinance (Cap 115), not having been issued with such a Certificate, and are currently residing in Mainland China. If you were born outside Hong Kong to a HKSAR permanent resident, and are ordinarily residing in Mainland China, and you claim to be a permanent resident of the HKSAR under paragraph 2(c) of Schedule 1 to the Immigration Ordinance, you should establish your claim to the right of abode in the HKSAR with a valid Certificate of Entitlement affixed to a valid ‘Permit for Proceeding to Hong Kong and Macau’ (commonly known as 'One-way Permit').

Application for Certificate of Entitlement

Points to Note
  • Children under the age of 11 with their Hong Kong permanent resident status established as indicated in their Hong Kong birth certificates normally need not apply for verification of eligibility for a permanent identity card. They can apply for a permanent identity card directly when they reach the age of 11.
  • Such children, if holding a valid foreign travel document, may apply for an endorsement to be made in their travel documents stating their eligibility for a permanent identity card verified for travel convenience. Such applications can be made by submitting an application for verification of eligibility for a permanent identity card by their parents or guardians.
  • If you are required to be registered for a Hong Kong identity card under the Registration of Persons Regulations (e.g., you are a new arrival or person who is aged 11 or above), you should report to a registration officer at the relevant Registration of Persons Office even if you have applied for verification of eligibility for a permanent identity card.
  • If you need to leave Hong Kong, please ensure you hold a valid travel document to avoid any inconvenience or delay upon immigration clearance.
  • If you are subject to a limit of stay in the HKSAR, you should apply for an extension of stay at the relevant Immigration Office before the expiry of your current limit of stay if your application for verification of eligibility for a permanent identity card is not yet finalised.

Applying

Verification of Eligibility for Permanent Identity Card

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Supporting Documents

When submitting your application, you will need to include copies of the following documents:

  1. Hong Kong identity card (if any) and travel document showing your current condition of stay in Hong Kong; and
  2. The appropriate documentary proof in support of your claim to the status of a permanent resident of the HKSAR:

Claim by virtue of being a

Copies of documentary proof required

(a) Chinese citizen born in Hong Kong

  • Your Hong Kong birth certificate

(b) Chinese citizen resident in Hong Kong for not less than 7 years

  • Proof of 7 years continuous ordinary residence in Hong Kong, such as school documents, employment proof, official receipts, bank statements or income tax receipts.
  • Travel document showing entry to Hong Kong and your current condition of stay in the HKSAR (such as One-way Permit and Document of Identity)

(c) Chinese citizen born outside Hong Kong to a parent listed in (a) or (b)

 

  • Your birth certificate (showing your name and those of your parents)
  • Hong Kong permanent identity card of either parent
  • Evidence showing the time when either parent acquired permanent resident status in Hong Kong, such as a travel document

(d) Non-Chinese citizen resident in Hong Kong for not less than 7 years

  • Proof of 7 years continuous ordinary residence in Hong Kong immediately before the date of the application for permanent resident status, such as school documents, employment proof, official receipts, bank statements or income tax receipts
  • Travel document showing entry to Hong Kong and your current condition of stay in the HKSAR

(e) Person under 21 years of age born in Hong Kong of non-Chinese citizens listed in (d)

  • Your Hong Kong birth certificate
  • Hong Kong permanent identity card of either parent

(f) Person with the right of abode in Hong Kong only before the establishment of the HKSAR

  • British passport showing the national status as a British Overseas citizen
  • Documentary proof of having the right of abode in Hong Kong

(g) Person who was a permanent resident of Hong Kong before 1 July 1997

  • Your identity documents, including travel document such as British Dependent Territories citizen passport or British National (Overseas) passport, birth certificate, registration certificate, naturalisation certificate
  • Proof of 7 years continuous ordinary residence in Hong Kong, such as school documents, employment proof, official receipts, bank statements or income tax receipts.
  • Proof of permanent resident status by descent, such as :-
  • By maternal descent - mother’s birth certificate or naturalisation certificate ;

  • By paternal descent - father’s birth certificate or naturalisation certificate and parents’ marriage certificate.

You will be notified in writing to give more information, if required.

3.   If you are a non-Chinese citizen resident in Hong Kong for not less than 7 years immediately before your application for verification of your eligibility for a permanent identity card, you are required to provide information and make a declaration that you have taken Hong Kong as your only place of permanent residence. Your declaration should be made on Form ROP146, to be submitted with the application, which can be accessed through the following link. 

Form ROP146: Declaration of Having Taken Hong Kong as Only Place of Permanent Residence

4.   If you are aged under 18, the parent or legal guardian's identity card or travel document and proof of relationship with the applicant are also required.

5.   Where a document is not in Chinese or English, it must be accompanied by a Chinese or English translation certified as a true translation by a sworn translator, court translator, authorised public translator, certified translator, expert translator or official translator.

Means of Application

By Post

You can submit application form, duly completed and signed together with copies of supporting documents, by post to

Right of Abode Section
Immigration Department
25/F Immigration Tower
7 Gloucester Road
Wan Chai
Hong Kong

Drop-in
Alternatively, you can deposit your application form, duly completed and signed together with copies of supporting documents, into the drop-in boxes provided at Immigration Department.

Online

You can also use a convenient online service to submit your scanned copies of your application form and supporting documents. The following link will provide you with further information on what to do when preparing to submit an online application, the supporting documents you will need to include, the file formats for online submission, way to complete the online submission process and where to find out more information about the right of abode in the HKSAR.

Online Application for Verification of Eligibility for Permanent Identity Card

After Applying

Verification of Eligibility for Permanent Identity Card

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After your eligibility for a permanent identity card has been verified, your condition of stay in Hong Kong, if any, will be cancelled. If you are aged 11 or over, you can attend the Registration of Persons Office to apply for a Hong Kong permanent identity card. Applicants aged under 11 holding valid foreign travel documents may apply for an endorsement to be made in their valid foreign travel documents stating that their eligibility for a permanent identity card verified.

Before Applying

Application for Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

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Introduction

This webpage sets out the entry arrangement for persons residing outside Hong Kong who claim to be permanent residents of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) under paragraph 2(c) of Schedule 1 to the Immigration Ordinance (Chapter 115) and apply for a Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode in the HKSAR.  

Eligibility Criteria

Applicants will be eligible to apply for a Certificate of Entitlement if they are of Chinese nationality and were born outside Hong Kong to a parent who, at the time of their birth, was:

  • A Chinese citizen born in Hong Kong before or after the establishment of the HKSAR; or
  • A Chinese citizen who has ordinarily resided in Hong Kong for a continuous period of not less than seven years before or after the establishment of the HKSAR.
Processing Time

Under normal circumstances, ninety five percent of applications will be finalised within 3 months upon receipt of all necessary documents. However, this standard does not apply to applications involving doubtful claims of parent/child relationships or doubtful information and also depends on the number of applications received at the time.

Applying

Application for Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

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Applicants residing in the Mainland of China

Applicants can apply for a Certificate of Entitlement through the office of the Exit-Entry Administration of the Public Security Bureau where their household registration is kept.

Application Form

Applicants need to obtain an application form from the public security offices in the Mainland where their household registration is kept.

Supporting Documents

In general, the following documents are required:

  • Applicant’s birth certificate;
  • Document(s) showing the immigration status at place of residence of the applicant; 
  • Valid travel document(s) of the applicant;    
  • Hong Kong permanent identity card(s) of the applicant’s parents; and
  • Marriage certificate of the applicant’s parents (if any).

Applicants may still be required to submit further supporting documents and information in connection with their application. Genetic test may also be required. Information on genetic test arrangements is available through the following link.

ID947: Information Leaflet on Genetic Test Arrangements for Verification of Parentage 

Application Submission

Applicants should submit completed application form and supporting documents to the office of the Exit-Entry Administration of the Public Security Bureau or department of the Bureau of the Exit-Entry Administration where their household registration is kept.  The Public Security Office concerned will verify the relevant information in the application and then refer the case to the Immigration Department for verification.

Further Information

More information on applying for a Certificate of Entitlement is available through the following link.

ID881A: Guidance Notes on Application for Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode in the HKSAR

Applicants residing Overseas

Applicants can apply for a Certificate of Entitlement from overseas countries only if they are residing there.

Application Form

The application form (ID881) is available through the following link. If applicants are under 18 years of age, the application form must be signed by their parent or legal guardian.  Please complete the form in English or Chinese, in black or blue ink.

Form ID881: Application for Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode in the HKSAR

Supporting Documents

In general, the following documents are required:

  • Applicant’s birth certificate;
  • Document(s) showing the immigration status at the place of residence of the applicant; 
  • Valid travel document(s) of the applicant;   
  • Hong Kong permanent identity card(s) of the applicant’s parents; and
  • Marriage certificate of the applicant’s parents (if any).

Applicants may still be required to submit further supporting documents and information in connection with their applications. Genetic test may also be required. Information on genetic test arrangements is available through the following link.

ID947: Information Leaflet on Genetic Test Arrangements for Verification of Parentage 

Photograph

Applicants need to affix one recent photograph of themselves to the box marked on the first page of the application form. The size of the photograph must not be larger than 55mm x 45mm and not smaller than 50mm x 40mm. The photograph should be taken full face and without a hat. 

Application Submission

Applicants residing overseas should submit the completed application form and supporting documents through the Chinese diplomatic and consular mission in the country or territory where they are residing, or by post to the Immigration Department  at the following address.

 

Certificate of Entitlement Section
Immigration Tower
7 Gloucester Road
Wan Chai, Hong Kong

List of Chinese diplomatic and consular missions 

Further Information

More information on applying for a Certificate of Entitlement is available through the following link.

ID881A Guidance Notes on Application for Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode in the HKSAR 

Applicants residing in the Macao Special Administrative Region or Taiwan

Applicants can apply for a Certificate of Entitlement in the Macao Special Administrative Region (Macao SAR) or Taiwan only if they are residing there.

Application Form

The application form (ID881) is available through the following link. If applicants are under 18 years of age, the application form must be signed by their parent or legal guardian. Please complete the form in English or Chinese, in black or blue ink.

Form ID881: Application for Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode in the HKSAR

Supporting Documents

In general, the following documents are required:

  • Applicant’s birth certificate;
  • Document(s) showing the immigration status at the place of residence of the applicant;
  • Valid travel document(s) of the applicant;
  • Hong Kong permanent identity card(s) of the applicant’s parents; and
  • Marriage certificate of the applicant’s parents (if any).

Applicants may still be required to submit further supporting documents and information in connection with their applications. Genetic test may also be required. Information on genetic test arrangements is available through the following link.

ID947: Information Leaflet on Genetic Test Arrangements for Verification of Parentage 

Photograph

Applicants need to affix one recent photograph of themselves to the box marked on the first page of the application form. The size of the photograph must not be larger than 55mm x 45mm and not smaller than 50mm x 40mm. The photograph should be taken full face and without a hat.

Application Submission

Applicants residing in the Macao Special Administrative Region or Taiwan should submit their applications by post to the Immigration Department at the following address.

 

 

Certificate of Entitlement Section
Immigration Tower
7 Gloucester Road
Wan Chai, Hong Kong

Further Information

More information on applying for a Certificate of Entitlement is available through the following link.

ID881A Guidance Notes on Application for Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode in the HKSAR 

Processing Time

Under normal circumstances, ninety five percent of applications will be finalised within 3 months upon receipt of all necessary documents.  However, this standard does not apply to applications involving doubtful claims of parent-child relationships or doubtful information.  The number of applications received at the time could also lengthen the processing period.

Payment of Fee

Application for a Certificate of Entitlement is free of charge.

After Applying

Application for Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

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Issuance of the Certificate

Applicants residing in the Mainland of China

After verification, the Immigration Department will issue a Certification of Entitlement for eligible applicants. The Certificate of Entitlement will be sent to the Public Security Office concerned to be passed on to the applicant. To ensure that the applicant can settle in Hong Kong in a lawful and orderly manner, the Bureau of Exit-Entry Administration will issue the applicant with a One-way Permit at the same time.

The Certificate of Entitlement will be affixed to the One-way Permit, and both documents will have to be produced for inspection at the immigration control point where the applicants pass through when leaving the Mainland and entering Hong Kong for settlement.

Applicants residing in overseas, in the Macao Special Administrative Region or Taiwan

Arrangement will be made with successful applicants or their local referee to collect in person.

Payment of Fee

Application for a Certificate of Entitlement is free of charge.